Saturday, February 18, 2012

Chromosome Number of various Animals


Animal
Chromosome number
1.         African wild dog (Lycaon pictus)
78
2.         American badger (Taxidea taxus)
32
3.         American marten (Martes americana )
38
4.         American Mink (Neovison vison)
30
5.         Amoeba (Amoeba proteus)          
250 (haploid)
6.         Ant, Jack jumper (Myrmecia pilosula)
2 for females, males are haploid.
7.         Aquatic rat (Anotomys leander)
92 (Highest number in mammals with Ichthyomys pittieri)
8.         Ass (Equus hemionus )
66
9.         Aulacantha (protozoa) [highest]
1600
10.       Bat-eared Fox (Otocyon megalotis)
72
11.       Beaver American (Castor Canadensis)
40
12.       Beaver Eurasian (Castor fiber)
48
13.       Beech marten (Martes foina )
38
14.       Bengal Loach fish (Botia dario)
90
15.       Brush-tailed Rock-wallaby
22
16.       Buffalo (Bison bison)
60
17.       Capuchin monkey (Cebus x)
54
18.       Caribou/reindeer
70
19.       Carp    
104
20.       Cat (Felis catus)
38
21.       Cattle (Bos taurus, B. indicus)
60
22.       Channa
32
23.       Chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus)
78, 77
24.       Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes)
48
25.       Chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera)
64
26.       Clarias (Magur)
52
27.       Coatimundi (Nausua nausua
38
28.       Cockroach (Periplaneta americana)
Male:23, Female: 24
29.       Coracias benghalensis
78
30.       Cow (Bos primigenius)
60
31.       Coyote (Canis latrans )
78
32.       Crab-eating rat (semi-aquatic rodent) (Ichthyomys pittieri)
92 (Highest number in mammals with Anotomys leander)
33.       Crocodile (Mugger)
30
34.       Crow (Corvus splendens)
78
35.       Deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus)
48
36.       Dhole (Cuon alpinus)
78
37.       Dingo (Canis lupus dingo)
78
38.       Dog (Canis lupus familiaris)
78
39.       Dolphin (Delphinidae Delphis)
44
40.       Donkey (Equus africanus asinus)
62
41.       Dove
16
42.       Dove, African collared dove (Streptopelia roseogrisea)
78
43.       Drosophila melanogaster (fruit fly)
8 (6 autosomal & 2 sexual)
44.       Duck
80
45.       Duck-billed Platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus
52
Ten sex chromosomes
46.       Earthworm (Lumbricus terrestris )
36
47.       Echidna              
63 (XXY, male) and 64 (XXXX, female)
48.       Elephant (Elephas)         
56
49.       Elk (Wapiti / red deer) (Cervus elaphus)
68
50.       Eryx johni (Dumai)
34
51.       Eurasian badger (Meles meles)
44
52.       European mink (Mustela lutreola)
38
53.       European polecat (Mustela putorius)
40
54.       Ferret (Mustela putorius furo )
40
55.       Field horsetail (Equisetum arvense)
216
56.       Fisher (Martes pennanti)- a type of marten
38
57.       Fossa (Cryptoprocta ferox)         
42
58.       Fox, Bengal  (Vulpes bengalensis)
60
59.       Fox, Fennec  (Vulpes zerda)         
64
60.       Fox, Red (Vulpes vulpes)              
34
Plus 3-5 microsomes
61.       Frog (British)
26
62.       Frog (Indian)
24
63.       Gadusia chapra
46
64.       Gambusia
48
65.       Geometrid moth
224
66.       Gharial
32
67.       Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis)
62
68.       Goat (Capra aegagrus hircus)
60
69.       Gold fish
94
70.       Golden jackal (Canis aureus)
78
71.       Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla)    
48
72.       Grasshopper
23, 24
73.       Gray fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus)
66
74.       Guinea pig
64
75.       Gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar)
62
76.       Hare (Lepus capensis)
48
77.       Hedgehog, African (Atelerix albiventris)
90
78.       Hedgehog, Woodland (Erinaceus)
88
79.       Honeybee (Apis spp)
Male: 16, Female: 32
80.       Honeybee, European (Apis mellifera)
32
81.       Horse (Equus ferus caballus )
64
82.       Housefly (Musca domestica)
12
83.       Human (Homo sapiens)
46 (44 autosomal, 2 sexual)
84.       Hydra
32
85.       Hyena (Crocuta crocuta)              
40
86.       Kangaroo (Macropus spp)
12
87.       Kangaroo, red (M. rufus)
40
88.       Kit fox (Vulpes macrotis)
50
89.       Lac insect
32
90.       Lion (Panthera leo)
38
91.       Long-nosed Cusimanse (a type of mongoose)
36
92.       Maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus)
76
93.       Meerkat (Suricata suricatta)
36
94.       Mosquito (Aedes aegypti)             
6 (Also for Culicidae except in Chagasia bathana (8)
95.       Mouse (Mus musculus
40
96.       Mule    
63 (semi-infertile)
97.       Myrmecia pilosula (ant)
2 for females, males are haploid
98.       Opossum
22
99.       Orangutan (Pongo x)      
48
100.    Oriental Small-clawed Otter (Aonyx cinerea)
38
101.    Pig (Sus scrofa)               
40
102.    Pigeon                  
79, 80
103.    Pine marten (Martes martes)
38
104.    Platy fish
48
105.    Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum)
34
106.    Rabbit  
44
107.    Raccoon (Procyon lotor)               
38
108.    Raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides)
56
109.    Raccoon Dog (Nyctereutes viverrinus)
42 (some sources say sub-species differ with 38, 54, and even 56 chromosomes)
110.    Raccoon dog, Zen
51
111.    Raccoon Dog/Tanuki (Nyctereutes procyonoides albus)
38
112.    Rat                        
42
113.    Red panda           
36
114.    Reeves's Muntjac (Muntiacus reevesi)
46
115.    Rhesus monkey
42
116.    Roundworm (Ascaris lumbricoides)
48
117.    Roundworm (Ascaris megalocephala)
2
118.    Roundworm (Caenorhabditis)
Male: 11, Female: 12
119.    Rueppell's fox 
40
120.    Sable (Martes zibellina
38
46
122.    Sea otter              
38
123.    Sheep (Ovis aries)          
54
124.    Shrimp (Penaeus semisulcatus)
86-92
125.    Silkworm
56
126.    Snail
24
127.    Spotted skunk (Spilogale x)         
64
128.    Starfish
36
129.    Striped skunk (Mephitis mephitis)
50
130.    Swamp wallaby (Wallabia bicolor)
10 (male), 11 (female)
131.    Syrian hamster 
44
36
133.    Tiger (Panthera tigris)    
38
134.    Toad
24
135.    Turkey
81, 82
136.    Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana)
22
137.    White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
70
138.    Wolf (Canis lupus)
78
139.    Wolverine (Gulo gulo)     
42
140.    Woolly Mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius; extinct)
58
36


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