Wednesday, February 22, 2012

RESPIRATORY ORGANS OF ANIMALS


Phylum
Respiratory organ
Porifera
Body surface
Cnidaria
Body surface
Ctenophora
Body surface
Platyhelminthes
Body surface
Nemathelminthes
Body surface
Annelida
Skin (integument)
Arthropoda
Aquatic insects (mayflies, nymphs etc)
Tracheal gills
Damselfly nymphs
Caudal gills
Limulus
Gill books
Scorpion, some spiders, Scutigera and chilopods
Book lungs (Diffusion lungs)
Insects, some spiders
Trachea
Some crabs (e.g. coconut crabs)
Branchiostegal lung (gill-like lung)
Mollusca

Skin (Cutaneous)
Aquatic forms
Ctenidia (gills)
Terrestrial forms
Pulmonary sacs (lungs)
Echinodermata

Dermal branchiae (skin gills)
Holothurians
Water lungs
Hemichordata
Gills
Chordata
Lungfishes
Ventilation lungs
Fishes
Internal gills, lungs (for lung fishes)
Some teleost fishes
Swim bladder (air bladder)
Fishes such as Misgurnus, Ancistrus and Plecostomus
Alimentary mucosa
Labyrinth fish
Labyrinth organ – A secondary breathing organ
Amphibians
Skin, lungs, external gills (for tadpoles)
Reptiles
Ventilation Lungs
Birds
Ventilation Lungs
Mammals
Ventilation Lungs

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