Friday, September 7, 2012

The Most: Related to Animals -5 (Birds)


1.         Best Talker
African Grey Parrot
The Guinness Book of World Records lists the best talking parrot or parrot like bird as an African Grey named Prudle.
2.         Bossiest Bird
The kea (Nestor notabilis) from New Zealand (The only bird known to have a society in which the higher status individuals force others to work for them).
3.         Fastest flying bird
White throated spine tail swift (170 kmph). Found in Russia & Himalayas.
Peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus): Reaches speed of at least 124 mph and possibly as much as 168 mph when swooping from great heights.
4.         Fastest running bird (Fastest land bird)
Ostrich (45 mph)
5.         Fastest swimming (among animals)
Penguine. Fastest swimming penguin: Gentoo (36 km/hr) - Antarctic Islands
6.         Fastest Wing beat
The horned sungem (Heliactin cornuta), a hummingbird from South America, beats its wings up and down 90 times a second.
7.         Heaviest Bird ever alive
Elephant Bird. (The flightless bird. 10 or 11 feet tall, weight up to 1100 pounds).
The home of the Elephant Bird was the island of Madagascar, off the eastern coast of Africa.
8.         Heaviest Birds of Prey
Andean condors (Vultur gryphus). Males weigh 20-27 pounds and have a wingspan of at least 10 feet.
9.         Heaviest Flying Birds
The Kori Bustard or paauw (Ardeotis Kori) of northeast and southern Africa and the great bustard (Otis tarda) of Europe and Asia weigh about 40-42 pounds.
10.       Heaviest Parrot
Flightless Kakapo around 7lbs in weight; New Zealand.
11.       Highest flying bird
Geese (those in the Himalayas in Asia fly at height of over 29,000 feet above the earth).
A Ruppell’s vulture (Gyps rueppellii) collided with a commercial aircraft over Abidjan, Ivory Coast, at an altitude of 37,000 feet in November 1973.
12.       Highest G-Force Borne
Red-headed woodpecker (Melanerpes erythrocephalus). Its beak hits the bark of a tree with an impact of velocity of 13 mph.
13.       Large Flocks
Flamingoes. Of the four species, the lesser flamingo (Phoeniconaias minor) of eastern and southern Africa has been seen in flocks of several million birds, particularly in the Great Lakes of eastern Africa.
14.       Largest bird
Largest flightless bird: Ostrich (Struthio camelus) in Africa and Arabia - 8 ft. Weight 156.5 kg. Eggs up to 20 cm long.
Largest flying bird: Andean condor (Wingspan of up to 102 feet). Seen in Andes mountains in South America.
Biggest Seabird: The Northern Royal Albatross (Diomedea epomophora sanfordi) with a wing span 3 m, flight speed up to 115 km/h. 80% of life spent at sea.
Biggest Cockatoo: Sub-species Proboscigar Aterimus Goliath. The weight of the female Palm Cockatoo is between 500-950 g, and the males weigh between 540-1100 g. Both females and males height range from 49-68 cm. The wings are about 35.1 cm, the tail about 23.8 cm, the bill about 9.1 cm, and the tarsus about 3.5 cm.
15.       Largest Carnivorous Bird
Titanis walleri (the last known member of the family Phorusrhacidae). It had a height of 3 m.
16.       Largest egg
Egg of Ostrich (Africa)- 175 mm in diameter
The extinct giant elephant bird (Aephornis maximus) laid 1 foot long eggs
The ostrich egg is 6-8 inches long. 4-6 inches in diameter and weighs 2 lb. 3 oz. - 3 lb.14 oz.
17.       Largest eye ball
Ostrich (5 cm across)
18.       Largest Eyes (among land animals)
Ostrich. Each eye can be up to 2 inches in diameter.
19.       Largest Field of Vision
The eyes of the woodcock are set so far back in its head that it has a 360 degree field of vision, enabling it see all round and even over the top of its head
20.       Largest Nest
The incubation mounds built by the Mallee fowl (Leipoa ocellata) of Australia are up to 15 feet tall and 35 feet wide. A nest site is estimated to weigh 330 tons.
A 9 ft. 6 in. Wide 20 foot deep nest was built by a pair of bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus), and possibly by their successors, close to St Petersburg, Florida. When examined in 1963, the nest was estimated to weigh in excess of 2.2 tons.
21.       Largest Nest
Bald eagles. One was 2.9 m wide and 6 m deep.
22.       Largest Prey
A 15 pound male red howler monkey killed by a harpy eagle (Harpia harpyja) in Manu National Park, Peru in 1990. The harpy eagle is considered the world’s most powerful bird of prey, although it weighs only 20 pounds.
An incredible video of a Golden Eagle taking a small Mountain sheep or goat and carrying it off to its nest.
The largest documented prey taken by a Philippine eagle is a 14 kg (30.8 lbs) Philippine deer Cervus at a nest studied by Kennedy in 1985. Also on records; a mature female monkey taken and carrying it in one foot in Cagayan; and a large python.
The African crowned eagle is Africa's most powerful and ferocious eagle in terms of the weight and nature of prey taken. Mammalian prey, especially duikers, may weigh up to 34 kg and still be preyed on by these eagles.
23.       Largest sea bird
24.       Largest Wingspan
Wandering albatross (Diomedea exulans) found in Southern Oceans. Average length (male) - 3.15 m. Largest ever recorded - 3.6 m.
Largest Ever Wingspan:
The South American teratoron (Argentavis magnificens), which existed 6-8 million years ago, had an estimated wingspan of 25 feet.
Parrot with largest Wingspan:
Hyacinth Macaw, around 1100 mm - Brazil [contributed by Harold Armitage, Wild Macaws Wild Macaws] The Hyacinth macaw is the most majestic of all parrots.
25.       Lightest flying bird
Bee Humming bird (5.7 cm; 1.6 9m)
26.       Longest beak
Australian pelican
27.       Longest Bills
The bill of the Australian pelican (Pelicanus conspicillatus) is 13-18.5 inches long. The longest beak in relation to body length is that of the sword- billed hummingbird ( Ensifera ) of the Andes. At 4 inches, the beak is longer than the bird’s body (excluding the tail).
28.       Longest Fast
The male emperor penguin (Aptenodytes forsteri) spends several months without feeding on the frozen wastes of the Antarctic sea ice.
29.       Longest feather
Tail feather (6 feet) of Argus pheasant (male) in Asia.
30.       Longest Feathers
The phoenix fowl or Yokohama chicken (a strain of the red junglefowl Gallus is bred in Japan for ornamental purposes. A rooster with a 34 ft. 9.5 in. Tail covert was reported in 1972.
31.       Longest Flight
A common tern (Sterna hirundo) that was banded in June 1996 in Finland was recaptured alive 16,250 miles away at Rotamah Island, Victoria, Australia in January 1997. It had traveled at a rate of 125 miles a day.
32.       Longest migratory bird
Arctic tern. May cover 40,000 km a year migrating from Arctic to Antarctic and back.
33.       Longest Stride
The stride of an ostrich may exceed 23 feet in length when the bird is sprinting.
34.       Most Abundant Bird
The red- billed quelea (Quelea quelea) of Africa has an estimated adult breeding population of 1.5 billion.
35.       Most Airborne Bird
The sooty tern (Sterna fuscata) leaves its nesting grounds as a youngster and remains aloft for 3-10 years, settling on water from time to time. It returns to land to breed as an adult.
36.       Most Food Consumed
Hummingbirds (family Trochilidon)- require at least half their own body weight in food (mainly nectar and tiny insects) every single day. With the possible exception of shrews, they have the highest metabolic rate of any known animal.
37.       Rarest Bird
Mauritius Kestrel (found in Mauritius). About 5 are thought to remain.
38.       Rarest Bird
Po'ouli (pronounced "poh-oh-U-lee")- Hawaiian honeycreeper. At last count, the known po'ouli population was six.
Rarest Parrot
Spix's Macaw (Northeastern Brazil)
39.       Second largest bird
Emu- Ratitate (Australia)
40.       Sharpest day vision (among animals)
The peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) is believed to be able to spot a pigeon from a distance of more than 5 miles under ideal conditions.
41.       Sharpest night vision (among animals)
42.       Slowest Wing beat
Several species of the New World vulture (family Cathartidea): averaged one per second.
43.       Slowest-Flying Birds
The American woodcock (Scolopax minor) and the Eurasian woodcock (S. Rusticola) have both been timed lying at 5 mph without stalling during courtship displays.
44.       Smallest bird
Helena's Humming bird-Calypte helenae), (Cuba) Average length (male) 5.8 cm
(head and body 1.5 cm). Weight 2 g. Egg 1.14 cm long
45.       Smallest Bird of Prey
The black-legged falconet
(Micrphierax fringlius ) of southeast Asia and the white-fronted or Bornean falconet ( M. latifrons ) of northwestern Borneo.
Both have average length: 5.5-6 inches, including a 2 inch tail, and weigh approximately 1.25 ounces.
46.       Smallest egg
Vervain hummingbird (Mellisuga minima) eggs less than 39/100 inch long. They weighed 0.365 g. (0.0128 oz.) And 0.375 g (0.0132 oz.)
47.       Smallest Indian bird
Sun bird
48.       Smallest Indian water bird
49.       Smallest Nests
The vervian hummingbird (Mellisuga minima) builds a nest about half the size of a walnut shell. The deeper but narrower nest of the bee hummingbird (M. Helenae) is thimble sized.
50.       Smallest Parrot
The Pygmy parrots of Papua and nearby islands. Genus Micropsitta. 3" long (8cm).
51.       Smelliest Bird
The South American hoatzin (Opisthocomus hoazin) or ("stinking pheasant") has an odor similar to cow manure.
52.       Strangest Diet
An ostrich living at the London Zoo, England was found to have swallowed an alarm clock, a roll of film, a handkerchief, a 3-foot long piece of rope, a cycle valve, a pencil, three gloves, a collar stud, a Belgian franc, four halfpennies and two farthings.
53.       Tallest Flying Birds crane
The largest cranes (family Gruidae) - almost 6 ft. 6 in. tall.

Australian pelican

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