Monday, March 7, 2016

Frequently used root words in biology - 1 (Related to body parts)

Image result for root wordsFREQUENTLY USED ROOT WORDS RELATED TO BODY PARTS

Learning root words and their meaning help you to understand and remember biology terms very easily. Given below is the table showing frequently used root words related to body parts. Try to memorize them and practice the problems below.

Root words
Meaning
1.      adeno
gland
2.      adipo
fat, lipid
3.      arthro
joint
4.      blasto, blast
embryonic cell, bud
5.      cardio
heart
6.      cephalo
head
7.      cervico
neck
8.      chondro
cartilage
9.      coelo, –coel
cavity, chamber
10.    cyto, -cyte
cell
11.    dento, odonto
teeth
12.    dermo, dermato,  derm
skin, layer
13.    encephalo
brain
14.    entero
intestine
15.    gastro
stomach
16.    glosso
tongue
17.    gono
sex organ
18.    haemato, hemo
blood
19.    hepato
liver
20.    histo
tissue
21.    karyo
nucleus
22.    labio
lip
23.    metra
uterus
24.    myo
muscle
25.    nephro, reno
kidney
26.    ophthalmo, oculo, opto
eye
27.    oro, stomato
mouth, opening
28.    osteo
bone
29.    oto
ear
30.    poda, podi, podio
foot, leg
31.    pulmo, pulmono
lung
32.    rhino, naso
nose
33.    thoraco
chest

Practice yourself

Choose the correct option:

1.  The cell that stores fat is known as
      A.  Hepatocyte
      B.  Adipocyte
      C.  Chondrocyte
      D.  Osteocyte
2.  The scientific study of cell is called
      A.  Nephrology
      B.  Neurology
      C.  Histology
      D.  Cytology
3.  Karyology is the study of
      A.  Nucleus
      B.  Kidney
      C.  Liver
      D.  Bone
4.  Otoliths are present inside
      A.  Eye
      B.  Ear
      C.  Nose
      D.  Tongue
5.  Inflammation of stomach is called
      A.  Enteritis
      B.  Hepatitis
      C.  Gastritis
      D.  Neuritis
6.  Dentine is seen in
      A.  Teeth
      B.  Liver
      C.  Brain
      D.  Muscle
7.  Cervical vertebrae are present in
      A.  Abdomen
      B.  Neck
      C.  Chest
      D.  Head
8.  The meaning of Arthropoda is
      A.  Soft bodied
      B.  Segmented
      C.  Hard bodied
      D.  Joint legged
9.  Osteoporosis is a disorder that affect
      A.  Cartilage
      B.  Bone
      C.  Blood
      D.  Muscle
10. Electro Encephalo Gram (EEG) is done for
      A.  Brain
      B.  Kidney
      C.  Lungs
      D.  Heart

No comments:

Post a Comment